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If you click on the button below ( PEOPLE OF GLENOMERA)you will be brought to a page where you can read a little about some of the people who lived on the Glenomera Estate at different times and where some of them went.

 PEOPLE OF GLENOMERA

 There were two Glenomera houses within a few miles of each other there was the Glenomera House in Ballyquin Beg, Co. Clare which belonged to the Arthur family and that is the one I am going to be talking about but there was another Glenomera house at Kilokennedy, Broadford Co. Clare and this house never belonged to the Arthur family even though they were quite close together. Glenomera castle was very close to the house in Broadford.

Glenomera House. This Photo has been digitally enhanced in order to allow the house in the photo to be seen. The original is in The Limerick City Museum.

This photo of Glenomera house is courtsy of Hugh Weir : Houses of Clare and Veronica Rowe who holds the original


The Arthur Carriage. This Photo has been digitally enhanced in order to allow the carriage in the photo to be seen. The original is in The Limerick City Museum.

 

The Arthur Carriage above along with three others were built around the year 1800 for the Arthur family to be used at their house in 52 St. Stephens Green Dublin. They had the family coat of arms on the doors, the picture above is of what is believed to have been the last remaining coach which was kept at Glenomera house and would seem to have been destroyed when Glenomera House burned down around 1905, the last outing for the carriage was in 1902 when Charles William Augustus Arthur had it restored and they rode around in it during a celebration at that time. The two photos of Glenomera House are the only two known to exist of that house.

 

 

The Arthur’s of Glenomera.

Some of what you see below is courtesy of Nick Kingsley and his blog at  http://landedfamilies.blogspot.co.uk/2015/10/191-arthur-of-glenomera.html?m=1

 

The Arthur family of Limerick lost much as a result of the Cromwellian war and some of them took land at Ballyquin\Glenomera Co. Clare. This the Arthur family of Limerick claims to be descended from the “Artureighs” and therefore to be an Irish family not related to the other Arthur families in the Limerick Tipperary area who were of Norman descent and it would be true to say that it was their pro Catholic sympathies that caused them to loose their properties as many Catholics who has not taken part in the rebellion were dispossessed but those who were classed as loyal were given new lands in Clare.

 The family moved from Limerick to Ballyquin, county Clare when Thomas Arthur along with Robert Hannan leased 9870 acres around Ballyquin from William Earl of Inchiquin and Sir Donagh O'Brien on the 25th. March 1699. Robert Hannan had to be on the lease as Thomas was a catholic and a Catholic could not lease land on his own. In 1707  Thomas Arthur took the lease in his own name as Robert Hannon had died in 1706. Piers Arthur Esq. of Limerick married Thomas' daughter Margaret and he inherited the Glenomera estate on the death of Thomas as Thomas had no sons. Piers died in 1752 and his son Thomas inherited Glenomera. They intermarried with members of the O'Brien family of Dromoland and the Smith family of Cahirmoyle, county Limerick. Griffith's Valuation shows the main part of the Arthur estate was in the parishes of Kilokennedy and O'Briensbridge, barony of Tulla Lower and in the parishes of Ruan and Killinaboy, Barony of Inchiquin, but they also held land in other parishes Clondagad, Killone, Killaloe, Kiltenanlea and Feakle as well as these they acquired an impressive London house and spent a substantial portion of each year there.

The lease of the 25th. March 1699 required that Thomas Arthur should within nine years erect and finish a good farm  house on some convenient piece of land  with limestone wall at least 40 feet long and at least  16 feet wide with a loft or second story and the house was to be covered with slate and timbered with oak. This was the original Glenomera house and of course was added to and altered many times over the years. If you look at the photos of the houses above on the right you will see a single story section to the right of the photo this is the original house that was built to fulfil the terms of the lease. At Some point perhaps in the late 18th. century the lease hold interest was converted into a freehold.

Thomas Arthur had no sons so on his death his estate passed to his daughter Margaret and her husband Piers Arthur (possibly the brother of Patrick Arthur  of Limerick) who was presumably a cousin of some degree and from them it descended in turn to their son Thomas Arthur (d.1755) and grandson Thomas Arthur  ( c. 1740 - 1803 ). This member of the family may be the one who extended the house to the one you see in the photographs of the house. This Thomas had only two surviving children, his daughter married Richard Henn ( D. 1828 ) of the neighbouring Paradise od Paradise Hill estate and when she died in 1830 without children she bequeathed it to her brother Thomas Arthur ( 1778 - 1745 ). Thomas lived on the continent for much of the 1810's and 1820's and later in Cheltenham, returned to County Clare at about this time but lived at Glenomera where he became a model landlord.


Paradise House burned down in 1970.


His relations with at least some of his large brood of children seems to have been less than cordial. His eldest son Thomas Smith Arthur 1806 - 1884 suffered from mental illness  and was confined in an institution in Dublin from the 1830's onwards. Before getting Thomas locked up, his father persuaded him to sign a deed that the effect of disinheriting his second son, William Smith Arthur 1809 - 1839 with whom there are various signs of a family quarrel. When Thomas senior died in 1845, the estate was held in trust for his eldest son and it was his fifth son Augustus Arthur 1819 - 1902 who actually lived at Glenomera. Thomas senior's widow, and younger members of the family lived at Paradise House but either in 1855 or 1863 the house was sold back to the Henn family.

Marriage Record for Thomas Lucius Jervis Arthur.

First name(s)

Lucius Thomas Jervis

Last name

Arthur

Registration year

1881

Registered Quarter/Year

Apr - Jun 1881

Registration district

Limerick

Marriage

Lucius Thomas Jervis Arthur married
Constance Helen Studdert

 

 

In 1884 Thomas Smith Arthur died and the estate passed to his brother the Rev. Lucius Arthur 1810 - 1887 who was living in a house in Matlock and did not relocate to Ireland. His son, Thomas Lucius Jervis Arthur 1847 - 1888 probably moved in but he died soon after his father leaving as joint heirs to Glenomera his two young sons, Charles William Augustus Arthur 1882 to around 1937 and Desmond Phelps Pery Lucius Studdert Arthur 1884 - 1913. Constance Helen Studdert the widow of Lucius Thomas Jervis Arthur brought the two boys up at Glenomera until 1894 when she married again, and they went to live with her second husband William Paumier Ball, in the elegant surroundings of 71 Merrion Square, Dublin. This house later became the home of Sybil Connolly and her couture studio. Both Bell and his wife died in 1902 and the two young men who already had the reputation of being somewhat wild and fearless, were left with plenty of money but no parental guidance to make their way in the world. It would seem that they were not close but both men went into the army and they took different paths in their military service. The two inherited the estate at Glenomera equally from their father as well as receiving a substantial inheritance from their step father William Paumier Ball.

 In the 1860s and early 1870s John Brown and his son Robert L. Brown, acted as receivers for the estate of Thomas Arthur, "a lunatic". This estate was in the baronies of Tulla Upper and Lower and included the mansion house and demesne of Glenomera. In the 1870s Colonel Thomas Arthur of Manor House, Desborough, Market Harborough, Leicestershire owned 2,622 acres in county Clare and Francis Arthur of Dublin owned 10,534 acres in the same county Colonel Arthur was a member of the Glenomera Arthur family but we are not sure who Francis Arthur of Dublin was related to.

 

  Thomas Arthur of Ballyquin,(The son of  Piers Arthur who inherited the estate from the original Thomas Arthur who took  the estate in Glenomera) Co. Clare (Ballyquin being the original name for Glenomera) converted in 1768 and he is believed to be the first member of this family to convert although it was said that the conversion was one of convenience rather than belief  ( to hold on to the estate and to continue to have a vote). When he was challenged that he was a Papist. Thomas took the converts oath and was allowed to vote.

 The aforementioned Thomas Arthur was married to Elizabeth daughter of Butler of the Butlers of KILMOYLER IN THE County of Tipperary. Another Thomas Arthur is mentioned, being born April 1788. He married in 1803 to Harriet, daughter of Edward O’Brien of Dromoland. Their Children were Thomas (born 1809 (evidently ancestor of Capt. Charles) William born 1809. Lucius born 1810, Edward born 1817, Augustus born 1819, Frederick born 1822. There were also 9 daughters. Here is  record of the death of one of Thomas' daughters Augusta Catherine.

Arthur, Augusta Catherine  , Torquay, Limerick Chronicle 11/06/1842 , aged 13, dau of Thomas Arthur of Glenomera, Co. Clare

 It appears that Mrs. Thomas Arthur had quite a pedigree: "Piers, of Grantstow, married Hon. Katherine Le Poer, daughter of 2nd Lord Power of Curraghmore, and was ancestor of BUTLER, of Kilmoyler, whose representative JOHN BUTLER, of Kilmoyler left an only daughter and heiress ELIZABETH BUTLER who married THOMAS ARTHUR, of Glenomera (see BURKE'S Landed Gentry)." from Butler Family Records page.

 

Below are some press reports of incidents that happened on the land of Thomas Arthur. 

1824

On Saturday night, between the hours of 11 and 12, six cocks of hay were maliciously set fire to on the lands of Lackareagh, County Clare, the property of Robert McCutchin, tenant to Thomas Arthur Esq and though every exertion was made by Lieutenant Bindon, with the Police from O'Brien's-Bridge, nothing could prevent them from being consumed, notwithstanding the incessant rain and after searching the ground, seven sheep were discovered dead in out-house, apparently killed with sticks and stones, and two of them found hanging across a beam, with their heads much bruised. The houses were then all diligently searched and in the house of his uncle, John Devitt was apprehended and lodged in the Bridewell of O’Brien's-Bridge for being found with his clothes wet and not being an inmate and whose father (now herdsman to the ground) was the former tenant and ejected by Mr. Arthur, last April. It is hoped some useful information will elicited from him by the magistrates.

1831

Yesterday, three captains of vessels, now in the port of Limerick, proceeded towards Newcastle, outside the City, to witness a horse race; and, mistaking the way, they fell in with a party of the 'Terry Alts,' who were busily at work in turning up some ground at Moreland, the property of Thomas Arthur Esq. The 'Terry’s' welcomed them, and, giving each a spade, under the superintendence of mother Alts, ordered them to dig, which they did cheerfully, and, after about two hours hard work, were allowed to walk away unmolested . Mother Alts could with difficulty refrain from laughter all the while the poor Captains were pulling out.




Clare Journal Oct 14 1861 reported the Death At Kingstown, of Charlotte, daughter of the late Thomas Arthur, Esq., of Glenomera, county Clare.

In loving memory of Captain/CHARLES WILLIAM AUGUSTUS ARTHUR/York and Lancaster Regiment/born April 20th 1851 died in/India March 9th 1882; son of Rev. Lucius Arthur, of Glenomera, co. Clare, Ireland, who died Jan 4, 1887,aged 76 years. This inscription is from a graveyard connected with Holy Trinity Church, Matlock Bath, Derbyshire, England, part of the Church of England.

 

My Great Uncle Br. Charles Arthur wrote a little about the history of the Glenomera branch of the family and the following is my edited version of what he wrote.

 

That a family connection or relationship exists between the Arthur family of Ennistymon and the Arthur’s of Glenomera there is no good reason to doubt. A tradition to that effect has always existed in the Ennistymon people.

 The story of how one of the ancestors of Glenomera House converts to Protestantism was often told at home when Charles was a boy.

 In the old records in the library of the Galway University, Charles came access the following entry. “Thomas Arthur of Glenomera House Co Clare was born 10th Sept 1806 and succeeded his father in 1845”. This record refers to Thomas Arthur’s Son: Clare Journal July 12 1838: In Dublin, William Smith Esq, of Lickadoon Co. Limerick, son of Thomas Arthur Esq of Glenomera in this county, to Caroline Francis Sydney, daughter of Frederick S. Parker, Esq., of Saintbury, Dublin. This records the death of one of Thomas’ daughters In Memory of Charlotte Arthur eldest daughter of the late Thomas Arthur Esq. Of Glenomera Co. Clare who died on October 9th 1861 aged 57 years.

A member of the family a Captain Charles William Augustus Arthur had an unenviable notoriety. Around the year 1924 he was before the courts because of  a big lawsuit in England and France known as “The Mr A Case”.  This Captain Arthur’s grandmother was the daughter of a protestant minister. She was a Miss Studdert. When she became a Catholic her people, in order to placate the Protestant opinion got her confined to a lunatic asylum. She soon regained her freedom and remained a Catholic to the end. Captain Arthur married another Catholic lady, Miss Roche-Kelly of a society family in Limerick. There were two boy's of this union but Charles died soon after his birth and the second son Lucius was born in 1913 but by 1917  the Captain did not live with his family. He was later to marry again.

 

 

Br. Charles received the following letter from Captain William Augustus Arthur.

 21 Rue Gudin

Paris 16 eme

France 

10 October 1927 

Dear Brother Arthur

I was glad indeed to get your letter.

Until recently I was under the impression that the family was extinct except for myself, having never come across even one of the name.

A couple of days ago I had a letter from a Mr W.D.H. Arthur, who lives in Northumberland and who is a grandson of Colonel Thomas Arthur and a son of Capt. William Arthur RN and who is owner of some property in the neighbourhood of Ennis. As he bears the same crest and motto is undoubtedly one of the family.

This is a subject that has always interested me, as there are few families of such antiquity, and you will find (if you do not already know it) a most interesting account in Lenihan’s History of Limerick. This book is rather rare.

I expect to be in Dublin in the near future when I shall certainly give myself the pleasure of going to see you.

Yours very sincerely

Charles Arthur

 

Sister Cecily Mary Arthur was a sister  or a half sister of Captain Charles the records on this matter are not clear.. She was a Protestant and was a member of an Anglican community of nuns the Sisters of St Mary the Virgin which at its largest had onlynine members in the Convent of St Mary at Clyde Road Dublin. They were a teaching order of nuns at first with a small school on Shelbourne Road later they opener two orphanages one for boys and one for girls in two houses near where St,Marys Home is now on Clyde Road which was also part of their property. They seem to have been set up by the local reverand in the 1890's and he from his own money as well as some parish money purchased the properties they used. Br. Charles Firmin Arthur visited her in July 1933, but she had entered the convent while little more than a child 24 years earlier having earlier been a student in their school from a very young age and was not able to give him any account of her family history.  Reverend Sister Cecily Mary Arthur died aged 85 in 1964 of coronary thrombosis in Clyde Road, Dublin. and is buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery, Harold's Cross, Dublin.

The record below is from the 1911 census when Cecily was in England.

                                                              

Name:

Cicely Arthur

Age in 1911:

29

Estimated Birth Year:

abt 1882

Relation to Head:

Inmate

Gender:

Female

Birth Place:

O Briens Bridge, Clare

Civil parish:

East Grinstead

County/Island:

Sussex

Country:

England

Street Address:

St Margaret's Convent School And Orphanage Moat Road East Grinstead

Marital Status:

Single

Occupation:

sister Of Charity Altar Bread Baker

Registration district:

East Grinstead

 

Captain Charles William Augustus Arthur’s father was  Lucius Arthur and his mother was Helen Studdert. The latter was the daughter of William Steele Studdert and his wife Constance Massey who was of Scottish descent. Thomas Lucius Jervis Arthur married Constance Helen Studdert, daughter of William Steele Studdert and Constance Massy, on 28 April 1881.Co Clare He was Justice of the Peace (J.P.).

 Before her marriage Miss Studdert lived at Keeper View, O’Brien’s Bridge Co Clare and in 1887 while on holidays in Clare Mrs Arthur arrived quite suddenly to her friend’s house. It seems that her husband owing to his intemperate habits was treating her very cruelly. Her husband Lucius had two men (John Brown and his son Robert L. Brown mentioned earlier) who  were appointed to try to keep him out of trouble and they accompanied him everywhere he went. Mrs Arthur’s mother lived on the Arthur estate and was a convert to Catholicism. Here the Grandmother kept the two boys Charlie and Cyril (Desmond). Owing to the strained relationship between husband and wife. Mrs Arthur had been advised to seek a divorce, but her mother, being a Catholic would not hear of the matter.

 One day Mrs Arthur observed a side car driving up the avenue. On it was her husband Lucius and his two paid attendants, both playing on their whistles. Mrs Arthur at once rushed to the people of the house exclaiming, “Oh he has come, for God's sake do not pretend you saw me!” The gentleman of the house met Mr Arthur with great ceremony and commenced by asking after Mrs Arthur’s health. Mr Arthur said he had come to take his wife home but was informed she was not there, and as proof of the truth the gentleman asked Mr Arthur to remain that night with them-which he did. It was a hilarious night. The tin whistles had to play Mr Arthur up the stairs and down and wherever he went after that. Meanwhile the persons took Mrs Arthur to safety at another friend’s house where she remained for some days. Mrs Arthur was a broken hearted woman. She had a very hard life and frantically fretted about being separated from her two boys. She died in 1902 aged 47 years. Her first husband Lucius Arthur died in 1888 after which she married a Mr. T.J.Ball who also died in 1902.

Some of the Arthur's used to spend their holidays at a family friend's house called Barretstown Castle in Ballymore Eustace, county Kildare. Lady Murray was their friend. It is now a holiday camp for children with cancer.


77 Merrion Square South.
The House of  Mr. T.J.Ball where Charles
 and Desmond lived with their mother after
she married Mr. Ball.

In due course Lucius Arthur died and Mrs Arthur married a Mr T.J.Ball in Dublin. 

 Here is the inscription which is to be found on the grave of Rev. Lucius Arthur's brother Augustus. This Augustus even though he never owned Glenomera seems to have been the member of the family who lived there. IN LOVING MEMORY OF  AUGUSTUS ARTHUR GLENOMERA CO CLARE WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE MARCH 29TH 1902 IN THE 83RD YEAR OF HIS AGE MAY HE REST IN PEACE I BELIEVE IN THE COMMUNION OF SAINTS” The unusual thing here is the last sentence, does it mean that Lucius was a Catholic like his mother as there was a ROMAN CATHOLIC chapel at Glenomera. 

The next time we heard of the Arthur’s of Glenomera was when Captain Charles married.

Charles was married at Spanish Place. It's origin St. James was the Spanish Embassy and was used by Catholics during penal times. 
Of course the present church is not the original but no doubt Charles and Miss Roche Kelly were married in the present Church . 
There was no break in the faith at Spanish Place this meant that it remained a Catholic church during the reformation because it was
 attached to the Spanish Embassy.

 He had a reputation of being quite wild. He used to tear around Limerick at all hours in a motorcar and he received many summons for speeding. There was a big “blow out “ at his wedding and a large number of Limerick people were at it. 

 
The first flight over Co. Clare
 

Desmond Arthur  (Cyril) the younger boy was a pioneer pilot. He would seem to have been the pilot of the first plane to fly over Co. Clare and the flight was made in a mono plane the exact plane Desmond learned to fly on and he was known to fly one. He was killed when his machine crashed. At the time he was engaged to a Miss Lucas of Newport Co Tipperary. He had made his will in favour of Constance Winsome Ropner and so she inherited his property. Ben Lucas was sub-sheriff of Limerick. Major George Steel Studdert who lived at Moy Lodge, Lahinch was an uncle of Mrs Lucius Arthur, his son Fred was secretary to the Clare County Council.

The farmers  at Glenomera used to tell stories about  how adventurous the Arthur boys were. They had some sort of go-cart. There was a very 
narrow pathway between two ponds and they'd approach the narrow path down a steep hill and the wheel gauge was wider than the path. 
 
Charles son Lucius was the last Glenomera Arthur to be born in Ireland on April 6th 1913 in Lower Baggot Street, Dublin.

 

 

 

 
Charles William Augustus Arthur
 

 

 

Charles William Augustus Arthur:


Captain Charles voter registration 1905

Captain Charles voter registration 1909

 

Charles was born on 24th. September1882 and he was a Captain of the Limerick City Artillery. 

Capt. Charles Arthur married Violet Roche Kelly the 3rd. daughter of John Joseph Roche Kelly in 1904 ( She was a Roman Catholic ). Violet's 
grandmother Frances Roche Kelly was the elder sister of 1st Baron Fermoy Edmond Roche. That makes Captain Charles great grandchildren
 5th cousin's to the future King of England Prince William as because the First Baron Fermoy is his great great great grandfather and his sister 
Frances Roche is their great great great grandmother

 The only record that I have seen seems to say that Charles Augustus Arthur died in 1937  probably  in the West Indies however there is some doubt about this date. Charles served with the British army in South Africa during the Boer War and there are a number of letters in the Limerick City Museum written by Charles to his brother Desmond. Charles also served during the on the western front during the first world war where he was caught up in an explosion as an artillery officer after this he spent the rest of the war in India. In 1909 he left for India with his wife and at this time he is believed to have had an income of about £7,000 a year but he seems to have dissipated his fortune and he spent the rest of his life looking for ways of making money. After service in the first world war when he again held a temporary commission in the Artillery he went back to India to serve as aid de camp to Prince Hari Singh the nephew and heir presumptive to the Maharajah of Kashmir.

However in 1919 Charles was involved in a very famous case, which was known as the Mr. A. case. In 1919 on the morning of Christmas night, in the St. James and Albany hotel, in Paris a bedroom door was opened and an Englishman entered who discovered Mrs. Robinson in bed with Mr. A, whose real name needless to say was not Robinson. There were two versions of what Mrs. Robinson said. According to the Englishman Mrs. Robinson jumped out of bed and attacked him “saying my brute of a husband”. According to Mrs. Robinson she said that she spoke to Mr. A and said, “ I must get back tonight before that brute reaches my husband” Mr. A was not at the trial to straighten out the contradiction. That Mrs. Robinson should so testify was understandable given that the Englishman who entered the bedroom was not Mr. Robinson but a Mr. Newton who was a known confidence trickster, blackmailer, card sharp and forger however it seems that Mr. A believed that Newton was Mr. Robinson.

 Now would be a good time to say that Mr. A was Prince Sir Hari Singh, the heir presumptive to his uncle the Maharajah of Kashmir. The India Office asked him to use the pseudonym Mr. A. After this intrusion Prince Hari Singh sought the advice of his aide-de-camp Captain Charles Arthur who had been recommended to him by the India office. Charles seems to have advised that Mr. Robinson could sue for divorce in England naming him as co-respondent and that heavy damages could be exacted. This did not worry the Prince as he was very rich and could afford any damages awarded, neither would his people look upon his involvement in this affair in the same way as English people would look upon it. Charles however warned him that the India Office would not look kindly upon him being involved in a divorce and could block him from succeeding his uncle’s throne.

The Prince drew up two cheques for £150,000 each ( economic power  value of each cheque of about £49,160,000 this year 2015) which Charles took to London where he went to see a Mr. Hobbs a man who specialized in the shadier side of the law. Hobbs opened a bank account paid in one cheque, furnished the bank with a specimen signature and proceeded to draw out the whole £150,000. The second cheque was not cashed because when the Prince’s solicitors in London learned of the matter insisted on payment being stopped. Hobbs paid £40,000 ( economic power  value of about £13,110,000 this year 2015) to Newton and Captain Charles. Hobbs told Robinson that Mr. A was prepared to pay him £20,000   ( economic power value of that income or wealth is about £6,555,000 in 2015), Robinson agreed to take £25,000 ( economic power value of that income or wealth is about £8,194,000 in 2015 ). He gave Robinson £21,000 (economic power value of that income or wealth is about £6,883,000 in 2015) and Hobbs kept £4,000 ( economic power value of that income or wealth is about £1,311,000 in 2015 ) as his professional fee as he was pretending to be a solicitor and a solicitor would always deduct his fee. Newton travelled to India in an effort to get more money but he failed.

The scheme came to light when Captain Charles tried without success to get more money from Hobbs. Then Captain Arthur told Mr. Robinson that Mr. A had paid £150,000 and not £25,000. Mr. Robinson then sued the bank in which Hobbs had deposited the cheque for negligently paying to Hobbs what should have been paid to him. This failed because it was adjudged that the money was the proceeds of a theft. The exposure of the blackmail resulted in Hobbs being tried and sentenced to a term of imprisonment. Captain Charles who was in France could not be extradited to England was tried there (where the offence had occurred) was found guilty and served a term of imprisonment. Newton had been paid £3,000 (£70,000 approx. 2011) by the bank to appear as a witness in the first trial and turned King’s evidence for the second trial and in this way he avoided prosecution and made a profit out of the affair.

Record of Captain Charles on a ship called Mantua to Bombay in 1923.

 

 

 

THE CAPTAIN AND THE COCOS TREASURE EXPEDITIONS

'The lure of buried pirate gold has attracted many treasure seekers throughout the years, but none has proved more enticing than the rumour of hidden wealth some one hundred million dollars in gold which supposedly lies on Cocos Island, a remote speck of land west of Costa Rica.

'Located some five hundred miles off the western coast of Panama, in the tropical seas of the Pacific Ocean, Cocos Island is, an uninhabited land mass of approximately fourteen square miles.

During the age of exploration, the tiny island provided fresh water for passing sailors it also became a perfect treasure trove for pirates who looted  Spanish galleons` along the Latin American coast: Supposedly, the pirates Edward Davis, Sir Henry Morgan, Lionel  Wafer, and a Scotsman known only as" Thompson," used this "minute dot in the Pacific" as a storage place for their stolen  treasures.

 The first of these buccaneers to make use  the solitary island as  a safekeeping for his plundered riches was Davis. After filling the hull of his ship, with Spanish gold from galleons sailing along the west coast of South America, he went to Cocos and, according to a "writing man" on-board the vessel, "beached his ship, cleaned  her bottom, re -rigged her, and buried his  treasure."

 In 1671, Sir Henry Morgan, with a force of,2,200  men and 37 vessels, sacked Panama City. The vast treasures from Peru and  Mexico that were awaiting shipment to Europe were loaded aboard Morgan's ships and then the Welsh buccaneer left the city in 'burning ruins,   He is alleged to have taken the treasure And buried  it, in part, on Cocos.

 More treasure was supposedly left there when the English-surgeon- pirate, Lionel Wafer, buried loot on-Cocos in 1710. But over and above any of this wealth was the "Loot of Lima," secured on the island by a Scottish pirate known as Captain Thompson. Thompson had put ashore in the harbour of Callo, In Peru, in 1824 at about, the same time that Simon Bolivar  was in the process of liberating the  Country from Spanish rule. Lima was Spain's wealthiest city in the new world and city officials feared the  treasure would fall into the hands of the rebels. So, they loaded the most valuable of their riches including two gold Madonna's from the Lima Cathedral aboard Thompson's ship, the Mary Dear and then went aboard themselves, assuming the rebels would not dare attack a "ship of the British flag but officials did not reckon on the Scot and his crew murdering them   in their sleep and  putting out to sea to bury the gold on Cocos. Months later the Mary Dear was captured and  the crew executed, but   Thompson escaped, and, for almost twenty-five years he sailed and pirated  the same area with one Benito also known as "Benito of the Bloody sword."

 Eventually he became partners with a man named Keating and  together they engaged a Captain Bogue and made plans to recover the Peruvian gold that Thompson had buried on Cocos. However Thompson died before the expedition could get underway and so the treasure map was left in the hands of the other two. After this, the crew-mutinied "Bogue was drowned on Cocos, and Keating barely escaped with his life before the treasure could...be moved.  This was the earliest of many unsuccessful attempts to discover the  treasure of Cocos Island, but one hundred years later a number  of' treasure expeditions set out to -find the fabled gold. The first of these expeditions was that of the Clayton Metalphone Company, Ltd., out of Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1931. One year earlier,, under the name of the "Cocos Island Treasure Company Ltd.," The Clayton Metalphone Company Was granted all rights to search for   treasure on the island by the Costa Rican government, with  the concession that the Republic° receive a percentage of all  finds. The company, under the command of Colonel...J. E. Leckie, felt their chances of discovering treasures buried in past "centuries was extremely   good for two reasons: One, they possessed maps "with an 'X marked on the spots where pieces of eight. Inca gold and priceless jewels may be awaiting' discovery "; And two, they carried a device called the Clayton Metalphone, which was capable of detecting  metals under the earth or in Water. Their ship, the ,Silver Wave, left Vancouver on February 22, 1932, with twenty-five men.. Under the provisions of the treasure contract of 1930, ;they could remain on the island until ,October 1932, but could then  renew the lease if necessary.

 From the outset; the topical growth proved a hindrance to the men as they tried to survey the island. There were marks of-previous expeditions empty holes and numerous tunnels in the sides of mountains but the amazing Metalphone" only seemed to work near the shore line. Surveys of Cocos proved of little avail and persistent rain made conditions insufferable.

   

 Throughout July, reports of treasure finds and then reports denying these finds were transmitted. In one message after a denial of discovery the expedition's radio operator said. How did anyone ever get the notion we would find anything On this God-forsaken island. Another member Lieutenant Dennis Rooke , stated that members of  the expedition were nearly. starved and  were forced to subsist on wild pig meat and coconuts ."Colonel Leckie denied their accusations and explained that Rooke was only on the island a short time. The party  was on short rations for a few days while awaiting the arrival of a supply ship, but there was never any hardship or anxiety, nor has there been a single man sick. Any talk of dissention is pure rot.. . . We have an excellent chance of success.


Captain Charles and Alice his second wife on board Cordillera for Cristobal 1935

Captain Charles with Alice on way to Trinidad 1937.

But four months later, on Christmas day, the Vancouver party left Cocos Island, after several million dollars had been put into a fruitless expedition. No  glittering gold or brilliant jewels were found and the expedition, like so  many others before them, returned home a total failure.

Apparently publicity concerning the expedition was an inspiration to other groups, and despite the failure of the Clayton Metalphone Company, a group of Britons decided to recover the riches of Cocos in 1934. Promoted by Captain Charles Arthur, the Treasury Recovery Company, Ltd. sailed for the island with the same-high hopes as those before them.

This is the first scientific treasure hunt. Our experts will tackle it as an engineering problem. We have definite evidence as to where the treasure is buried. We are using an airplane for surveying purposes. Unfortunately, the group overlooked an important item they failed to obtain proper authorization from Costa Rica. Consequently, the republic arranged for the immediate deportation of the treasure hunters. In England, the Treasury Recovery Company was told the island  was not internationally recognised as Costa Costa-Rica claimed they sent the expedition a message in Panama saying they would be arrested if they landed on the island, but the expedition claimed they never received such a message and went ahead. and sent fifty national policemen to the island with orders to "overcome any resistance. "

 

While the treasure-seekers were being rounded up, Commander Frank Worsley, the Captain of the ship, radioed an apology to Costa Rican President Jimenez while Arthur returned to England with the excuse of obtaining a larger vessel for the company. Eventually, the entire expedition, with the exception of Arthur, was arrested and ended up in  Costa Rica for trial.  Costa-Rica confiscated the equipment but released the men in late October after members of the group testified that Arthur was the sole promoter of the company and "they were only the servants of the promoters." They arrived in England in January, two months after Costa Rica renewed its Cocos Island contract with the Clayton Metalphone Company.

 This, however, did not stop the British search for gold. Worsley and the chairman of the Treasury Recovery Company, Erik Hankey, made arrangements with Costa Rica for an authorized search of the island in February, 1935. On April 5, 1935, Costa Rica gave an official authorization to British Tours; Ltd.  (the old Treasury Recovery Company) tried to raise  funds in England. Their ship the Veracity, again under-the command of Worsley reached the canal Zone in early June, along with a Belgian, Peter Bergmanns, who was shipwrecked on Cocos in 1929,and claimed  he had discovered the "treasure cache." He had been offered a quarter of any discovery for his help. A force of ten Costa Rican policemen was waiting to sail from Puntarenas, Costa Rica, with the expedition to protect the Republic's share in the project.

 Finally, on June 7, 1935, the Veracity sailed from Puntarenas with a ten man police detail and a crew of fifteen under the command of Worsley and his assistant, Commander F. C. Finnis. Their contract provided for the group to stay on Cocos until October. Still the  British could not seem to keep themselves out of trouble. Before they even got to Cocos, the crew complained because they had not been paid a penny for their services since they left England.  They were upset,  over-the fact that Arthur still had control over the operation from Balboa, and when his cousin, Richard Studdert, arrived from England and took charge, insult was added to injury.

 By September the expedition was near mutiny's having not received a penny of their salary, and Costa Rica made 'arrangements with the commanders of the expedition to remove the police force on the isle only if the men abandoned the entire project. Then, on October 30, 1935, Costa Rican Congressman Carlos Jimenez (not the president)-heatedly accused British Tours Ltd. of selling stock to the English public in the name of Costa Rica, for the "unlikely "discovery of treasure on Cocos. He alleged the company's financial operations in London were fraudulent and urged the president to cancel  the concession. (Arthur, still the main promoter, remained in Balboa fearing arrest if he went to the island.)

 By November 15, the charter for the Veracity was cancelled for the expedition "because of the lack of funds. "After this, things seemed to settle down until February. 1936, and then Costa Rica ordered the  complete evacuation of the isle because of the expeditions failure to come up with "compensation funds" for the government. The order was repealed when "last minute" funds rived from England to take care of the "overdue obligations," but the president declared that "no matter what," the concession would end in April and the expedition must leave the island.

 Finally, in March, the hunt came to an end when Bergmanns  disappeared. Most of the expedition left Cocos-to await a return voyage to England and appealed to the British Foreign Ministry for the salaries they never receive after Captain Hardy McMahon, the company's representative in Costa Rica, announced that of the $200,000 collected in England, only one-tenth had been spent on the expedition., the, rest going to "administrators in London." Was Captain Charles up to his old tricks defrauding the investors?

 In May 1936, the four remaining members of the group on the island were retrieved and the "destitute British" started their return journey to England. But perhaps the most bizarre search for the legendary treasure was the one undertaken by Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, the  notorious gangster Sometime in 1937, the racketeer heard there were millions in Spanish treasure buried on the island "from the famous wreck of the Mary Dear and he and a "Damon Runyon" crew set out after it. Siegel told his "crew they were "goanna grab the stuff and then beat it and then we're. all goanna go home rich. Dressed in a "stylish pinstripe suit and pointed two-tone shoes, "' Siegel's idea of blasting for treasure was hurling hand  grenades into the jungle. After a few weeks they gave up on their venture and sailed for Europe in an attempt to sell munitions to Mussolini.

 So, after one hundred years and more than eighty expeditions, absolutely nothing in' the way of treasure has been found and one wonders if there is anything there to be found. When one looks at the various' expeditions of the 1930s, is easy to see why they all failed. The Clayton Metalphone Company had perhaps the best chance but its doubtful that the detector was very effective, especially when it was reported that it registered metals in an area where digging yielded nothing. (It could just have easily failed to register metals where they really were.) Finally even though Colonel Leckie stated otherwise, the crews were in bad spirits and did not work very effectively. In the case of the British expeditions it would appear that the promoters were not interested in discovering treasure at all. Instead, they wanted to extract as much money as they could from the sale of stock of a company that had already planned to fail. This  hypothesis is strongly supported by the statement of Captain McMahon, and the fact that members of the expedition never received their salaries.

 

  Captain Charles Arthur during the expedition with his second wife.  

Even  though Captain Arthur Turned out to be a poor treasure hunter, he seems to have been an excellent con man.Siegel's hunt which lasted only a few weeks was an absolute farce and "Bugsy's" idea of treasure hunting by throwing hand grenades about the jungle can hardly be considered a serious search.

 The, only remaining question is was any treasure placed there at all? When Morgan became-governor in Jamaica he may have sent an expedition to recover the loot he stored there although that still leaves the gold from the Spanish ship's that Wafer and Davis preyed upon, Thus, it is possible the treasure is on the island yet. This argument is supported by a number  of facts. First, neither David nor Wafer died rich men, implying that they never retrieved much of the wealth they accumulated over the years. And since they both robbed the seas on the western coast of Latin America, their booty could still be would have had, to store it on an island because in that area the Spaniards ruled the coast and the pirates would not land and risk capture. The land  selected would have had to be uninhabited so the group would not be noticed. The conclusion is that Cocos would be the perfect pirate treasure trove. So the chance of treasure being buried on the island is fairly great. However, the chance that Cocos Island will ever release its fabled wealth to the world is probably much lower.

 

While it is not certain it is believed that Captain Charles William Augustus Arthur died around 1937 in the West Indies.

 

Telling the above story was only possible due to the work and research of Graft Mahon and for that I thank him.

 

 

 

  

Desmond Lucius Arthur:  Charles William Augustus Arthur’s Younger Brother.

 

Desmond Arthur

 

Desmond Arthur in his plane.

 

 

Desmond was the youngest son of Lucius Arthur of Glenomera and in due course he followed his brother into the army when he joined the 5th Battalion Royal Munster Fusiliers.  He was seconded to the 2nd Squadron ROYAL FLYING CORPS in June  1912 He was one of the first members of the Royal Flying Corps ( precursor to the R.A.F.) to be killed in a plane crash in 1913. It may also be true to say that Desmond was the first Irishman to be killed in an aircraft accident and almost certainly he was the first Irishman to be killed in a military aircraft accident.

A REPORT FROM 1912 ON DESMOND IN AN AIR RACE FROM DUBLIN TO BELFAST

In 1912 an air race was arranged from Leopardstown, Co Dublin to the Royal Ulster Agricultural Society's showgrounds at Balmoral, Belfast, Ireland but had to be abandoned due to bad weather.

 

 

However, Mr Desmond Arthur of Ennis Co Clare had already tried to depart, but crashed his machine on the Leopardstown field.

 

A notice in Flight magazine of 14 September 1912 read:

 

THE DUBLIN TO BELFAST EVENT

 

BAD weather contrived to spoil the Dublin-Belfast race arranged for last Saturday by the Aero Club of Ireland, and the large crowds which gathered at Belfast to welcome the aviators had to depart disappointed after patiently waiting all day. More fortunate were the spectators at Dublin, as they at least saw all the four competitors get away, and also witnessed some exhibition flights by Salmet.

 

From early morning a continuous stream of people flocked out from Dublin to the Leopardstown racecourse, which had been selected as the starting place, and every vantage point in the vicinity had its quota of enthusiastic watchers. Soon after 11 a.m. Mr. Astley made a trial trip on his Bleriot, and the other machines were brought out for engine testing, but in view of the strong westerly wind, the start was delayed for some time. At 1.30 p.m. a message came through from Belfast that the weather was bad, there being rain and fog.

 

Soon after the proceedings were enlivened with a couple of circuits by Salmet, to be followed by a downpour of rain which drove everyone to shelter. This was succeeded by an unpleasant mist.

 

At 4.25 p.m. the weather was a little more propitious, and Astley started on his Bleriot monoplane, followed by J. Valentine on the 50-h.p. Deperdussin, Desmond Arthur on the 70-h.p. Bristol, and Lieut. Porte on the 100-h.p. Deperdussin.

 

Arthur failed to get clear of the ground, and in landing buckled one of his wheels. Lieut. Porte found the conditions much too trying, and after going three miles, returned to Leopardstown. Astley and Valentine persevered through the vile weather, but conditions got worse rather than better as they went on, while to add to their difficulties daylight began to fail. Eventually Valentine came down at Newry, while Astley gave up at Drogheda. It was ultimately decided by the authorities that the first prize of ,£300 should be divided between Messrs. Valentine and Astley, plus ,£40 each for expenses ; the £50 Shell Motor Spirit prize, plus £40 for expenses, to go to Lieut. Porte; and a special prize of £25, plus £40 for expenses, to Mr. Arthur.

Desmond was about 5ft 8 tall shorter than big bro Charles their mother Constance Ball died in 1902 Dublin leaving all her fortune to Desmond and left nothing to Desmonds elder brother Charles. Her second husband Mr. William Paumier Ball left two thirds of his fortune to Desmond as well the remainder he left to Mrs Kate Moger for her lifetime and upon her death this would go to Desmonds Brother Charles. Charles paid Mrs Kate Moger £2,500 to buy out her interest in her inheritance from Mr. Ball. At this time Desmond was knocking about with a Clare and a Nancy. It seems that the Nancy used to go and look at aircraft with him. Female aviators were not unheard of at that time.

 

Here is a report on the crash:

 

REPORT ON THE FATAL ACCIDENT TO LIEUT. DESMOND L. ARTHUR, WHEN FLYING AT MONTROSE ON TUESDAY, MAY 27TH, 1913, AT ABOUT 7.30 A.M.

 

Brief Description of the Accident. Lieut. Desmond L. Arthur, flying a B.E. biplane No. 205 fitted with a 70h.p. Renault engine, on Tuesday, May 27th, 1913, at about 7 a.m., left the flying ground at Montrose for an ordinary practice flight. After being in the air for about 30 minutes he was descending in a left-hand spiral at about 2,500 feet and had made one complete turn. Shortly after this the aircraft appeared to change on to the right bank, and about this time the outside lip of the top right-hand plane was observed to fail and the planes of the right wing collapsed. About the same time a puff of smoke was seen to be emitted from the engine, and the sound of the acceleration of the engine was subsequently heard. The aircraft fell comparatively slowly to the ground. The pilot was observed to fall from the aircraft shortly after the acceleration was heard. The pilot struck the ground about 160 yards from the place where the aircraft fell, and was killed instantly. The aircraft was completely smashed.

 

In the enquiry after the crash it emerged that the wing that had disintegrated in mid flight had been previously damaged in an unreported incident. A fracture of the main wing close to the wing tip was discovered. This fracture had neither been reported nor repaired, rather someone had glued on a seven and a half inch splice on the wing to disguise the original damage. It was an amateurish job with no intent other than ensuring that whoever had been responsible for the original damage was not identified. As a result the biplane flown by Desmond Arthur was a death trap. The perpetrator of this could not be identified because the biplane had been used at a number of locations including Salisbury Plain, Jersey Brow and Farnborough.

 

 

Montrose the airfield where Desmond had his fatal crash.

 

 

Desmond’s friends at Montrose (The airfield in Scotland where the crash occurred) were appalled at the findings of the committee. They felt that Desmond had not died in a freak accident but rather had been murdered by an irresponsible and unidentified technician. In 1916 Major Cyril Foggin said that he saw the ghost of Desmond walking in the aerodrome. Since then there have been a number of other reported sightings. Desmond Lucius Arthur is now known as the Montrose Ghost.


Desmond's plane after the crash

Desmond in a plane

Desmond's funeral cortege

 Charles and Desmond jointly inherited the Glenomera estate from their father Lucius when he died. On his death Desmond left a personal estate of £9569 (economic power value of that income or wealth is about £7,113,000.00 in 2015 ). The publication of his will caused a sensation. Desmond left £200 ( economic power value of that income or wealth is about £148,700.00 in 2015) to each of the executors of his will. And the rest of his estate to Miss Winsome Constance Ropner, daughter of William Ropner. ( One thing seems sure and that is that he seems to have felt that the Ropners were more of a stable family to him than his own family were. This is because ha had become friendly with them about 10 years before his death and he spent a lot of his free time with them.) Miss Ropner was aged 14 when Desmond died and 13 at the time of the signing of the will on 12th. July 1912. Miss Ropner was asked to give £1,000 (  economic power value of that income or wealth is about £743,300.00 in 2015) to his brother Charles and to pay an annuity to his aunt Miss Kate Arthur.

In February 1914 Charles challenged Desmond’ s will in the High Court he claimed that the will was not duly executed. Lieutenant Hugh Vilmer of the Scots Guards and a Mr. Hyoake who were the witness to Desmond’s will testified that while the signatures on the will appeared to be theirs they could not recall ever signing Desmond’ will. Another mysterious circumstance in the life and death of Desmond Arthur. In spite of this the judge ruled in favor of Miss Ropner.

 The end result of this was that the Glenomera estate had to be sold to meet obligations of Desmond’s will, as Charles and Desmond had jointly inherited the estate.


The locket of
Miss Winsome Constance Ropner
that was next to Desmond's
heart when he crashed.

On  Saturday 23-03-2013 the grandson of Winsome Constance Winsome Ropner called to Nick Arthur the great grand nephew of Desmond Arthur and in a very generous gesture for the 100th anniversary of Desmonds death gave him the locket that Desmond had next to his heart at the time of his fatal crash. This locket had remained in the possession of  Winsome's family since 1913 and it is the one in the photo above.


Nick Desmond's great grand nephew with the locket.

Here are some photos from Montrose today where Desmond died and is buried, at there airfield there is now a museum and part of the display is about Desmond.


Replica of plane flown by Desmond on the day he died.

The crash site as it looks today

A display about Desmond in the Montrose museum.

An interactive display about Desmond in the Montrose museum.

Nick Arthur Desmonds great grand nephew having a glass of Whiskey with him.

A view from the graveyard where Desmond is buried.

The miniaure of Miss.Winsome Ropner on display in the Museum
in Montrose. This was around Desmonds neck when he died.

This is a newspaper article that was syndicated around the world about the death of Desmond Arthur and his will.

WILL REVEALS ROMANTIC IRISH AVIATOR LEAVES FORTUNE TO GIRL OF 14 YEARS. 
Efforts to annul dead man's expressed wishes came to naught when aired in court in LONDON March 7. A romantic attachment to a girl of fourteen is disclosed by the will of the late 
Lieutenant Desmond Arthur, the Irish Army airman, which was proved in the Dublin courts and which leaves the whole of his fortune of $62,600 to the child Winsome Constance Ropner, of 
Ambleside, "West Hartlepool, Durham. On the dead body of the  airman when it was found near Montrose last May after a fall from his biplane of 2000 feet, was a miniature portrait of the girl, 
Miss Ropner a pretty child, is the daughter of William Ropner ship-owner and granddaughter of Sir Robert Ropner, Bart the well-known North Country ship-builder. The airman was living at 
Seaton Carew, West Hartlepool some 10 or 11 years ago and became a close friend of Mr. and Mrs. Ropner and their family. Frequently in the later years he spent his holidays at their home and 
the little girl Winsome was always a great favourite of his. He left Ambleside for the last time only a fortnight before his death flying from there to Montrose. The case came before the courts in 
the form of an action to establish the will by T. G. Studdert of County Clare, and William Ropner against the lieutenant's brother Charles Arthur, of County Clare. The defence was that the will 
was not duly executed. It was stated that the lieutenant in the will requested that $5000 should be given to his brother if Miss Ropner so wished, and Miss. Ropner said she intended to carry out
 that request.  After evidence that the will was entirely in the lieutenant's handwriting and the testimony of the two witnesses of the will, counsel for the defendant said he did not wish to contest the
 matter further. Justice Kenny said it was plain that the governing wish in Lieutenant Arthur's mind was to provide for this little child.
 

 

DESCENDENTS OF LUCIUS ARTHUR ONLY SURVIVING CHILD OF CHARLES WILLIAM AUGUSTUS ARTHUR

Lucius Arthur was Charles William Augustus Arthur’s only son. Lucius was the last of the Arthur’s of Glenomera to be born in Ireland in 1913 and died in 1991 aged 79. Lucius eldest son was called Brian born 1941 and unfortunately in a sense of deja vue he was killed in an air crash in 1974 when he was 32 years old

Lucius second son was Ian born 1946. Ian has two boys Tom born 1978 and Charlie born 1979. Ian also has one daughter Lisa born 1986.

 Lucius third son was Nick born 1947. Nick has two sons, Chris born 1981 and Julian born 1985.


Brian & Sandra Arthur at Tregurnow Cliff Lamorna July1964

Brian & Sandra Arthur at Tregurnow Cliff Lamorna July1964

Brian & Sandra Arthur at Tregurnow Cliff Lamorna David Evans home in Cornwall.

Lucius, Phyllis and Sandra Arthur arriving at david evans wedding in Melton Mobray April 1967
 
Brian Arthur at Sennen Cove July1964

 

 

 

 

 

                                  Nick Arthur with his daughter Caitlin.

 

 

 

Brian Lucius eldest had two sons the elder one Jules lives in California with his two sons Austin born 1997 and Alex born 1999 and Nick born 1969 lives in Suffolk with his daughter Caitlin.

 Lucius son Ian  lives in Cornwall and Lucius third son Nick lives in San Diego in the U.S.A..

So far 2011 the only grandchildren of Lucius to have children are Nick and Jules the sons of Brian Arthur. Jules lives in California with his two sons, Austin born 1997 and Alex born 1999. Nick has one daughter Caitlin born 1998.

Below courtesy of Nick Kingsley is a table containing the names of the most Important members of the Arthur family of Glenomera.

Arthur family of Glenomera

Arthur, Thomas (fl. 1699-1707) of Ballyquin.
He married and had issue including:
(1) Margaret Arthur; married Piers Arthur (d. 1752) (q.v.).
Robert Hannan and Thomas Arthur leased 9,870 acres in Co. Clare from the Earl of Inchiquin and Sir Donagh O'Brien in 1699 and the lease was renewed in 1707 to Arthur alone following the death of Hannan. A condition of the lease was the building of a new house on the estate within nine years. At his death the estate passed to his daughter Margaret and her husband, Piers Arthur.
His date of death is unknown.

Arthur, Piers (d. 1752) of Limerick and Ballyquin.
Merchant of Limerick. He married his kinswoman, Margaret, daughter of Thomas Arthur (fl. 1699-1707) of Ballyquin and had issue:
(1) Thomas Arthur (d. 1755) (q.v.);
(2) A daughter (d. 1763); died 17 March 1763.
He and his wife inherited the Ballyquin estate from his father-in-law.
He died in 1752; his will was proved at Limerick. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Arthur, Thomas (d. 1755) of Ballyquin
. Son of Piers Arthur (d. 1752) of Ballyquin and his wife Margaret, daughter of Thomas Arthur (fl. 1699-1707) of Ballyquin. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. John Butler and heiress of the Butlers of Kilmoyler (Tipperary), and had issue:
(1) Thomas Arthur (c.1740-1803) (q.v.);
(2) A daughter.
He inherited the Ballyquin estate from his father in 1752.
He died 23 December 1755. His widow married 2nd, 1760, Luke Wall (fl. 1781) of Springmount (Clare), which was ransacked and burned by a mob in 1780; her date of death is unknown.

Arthur, Thomas (c.1740-1803) of Ballyquin.
 Son of Thomas Arthur (fl. 1752-68) of Ballyquin and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. John Butler, born about 1740. Probably the person of this name who was an Ensign in Kennedy's Regiment, 1756. JP for Co. Clare, 1766; Freeman of Ennis (Clare), 1773 and High Provost of Ennis, 1789. He married, 1 October or November 1766, Lucy (d. 1815), fourth daughter of Sir Edward O'Brien bt. of Dromoland and had issue, probably with others who died young:
(1) Mary Arthur (d. 1830); married, August/September 1793, Richard Henn (c.1764-1828) of Paradise (Clare) but their three children all predeceased him, and Mary, who was his heir, bequeathed the Paradise estate to her brother; she lived latterly at Claines (Worcs) and died at Worcester, August 1830; her will was proved in the PCC, 30 November 1830;
(2) Thomas Arthur (1778-1845) (q.v.).
He inherited the Ballyquin estate from his father.
He died in 1803. His widow died in April 1815.

Arthur, Thomas (1778-1845) of Ballyquin/Glenomera
. Only son of Thomas Arthuur (c.1740-1803) of Ballyquin and his wife Lucy, daughter of Sir Edward O'Brien, bt., of Dromoland (Clare), born 6 April 1778. Educated at Magdalen College, Oxford (matriculated 1795). High Provost of Ennis (Clare), 1809; DL for Co. Clare, 1837. "An excellent landlord, kind and indulgent to his tenants...truly charitable and humane, he kept a dispensary near [Glenomera] for the benefit of the poor people of the neighbourhood...His principles, as a politician, were very liberal, and he was a strenuous advocate and supporter of Catholic Emancipation." However, his relations with his children seem to have been more strained. He was responsible for committing his eldest son and heir to a lunatic asylum in the 1830s, and he cut out of the entail on his estate his second son, who lived abroad from 1833-36 'and he was not able to discover where he resided'. He married, 10 April 1803 at Dromoland, Harriet, second daughter and co-heiress of Willam Smith of Cahirmoyle (Limerick), and had issue, with three other daughters* who probably died young:
(1) Thomas Smith Arthur (1806-84) (q.v.);
(2) William Smith Arthur (1809-39), born 13 June 1809; lived on the Continent, 1833-36, and in 1837 was in dispute with his father about a document executed by his father and his elder brother which had the effect of excluding him from succession to the estate; married, 1838, Caroline Frances Sydney (who married 2nd, April 1843, William Wallace Harris, son of Hugh Harris of Ashfort (Armagh)), eldest daughter of Frederick Saintbury Parker of Saintbury (Dublin), but died without issue in Paris and was buried there, 12 March 1839;
(3) Rev. Lucius Arthur (1810-87) (q.v.);
(4) Charlotte Arthur (c.1811-61); died unmarried, 9 October 1861;
(5) Maria Arthur (c.1812-54); died unmarried at Leamington, 22 July 1854 aged 42;
(6) Anne Arthur (c.1813-85?); perhaps the person of this name who died at Limerick, Jul-Sep 1885;
(7) Edward Arthur (1817-53), born 7 January 1817; educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1835; BA 1839; MA 1840); called to bar, 1852; barrister-at-law; died unmarried and without issue at Bray (Wicklow), 6 August 1853;
(8) twin?, Florence Theodosia Arthur (c.1819-1866), born in Italy, 1819; living with her brother Lucius in 1851; died unmarried, 30 September 1866, aged 48, and was buried at Malvern Wells (Worcs);
(9) twin?, (Richard) Augustus Arthur (1819-1902), born in Florence (Italy), 27 August 1819; educated at Shrewsbury and Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1836; BA 1840; MA 1843). JP for Co. Clare; appointed a Governor of the Limerick District Lunatic Asylum, 1848; lived at Glenomera in 1840s and 1850s and in contrast to his father had a reputation as an oppressive landlord who evicted several tenants in 1848; married, 13 August 1885, Augusta (b. c.1847), eldest daughter of Lt-Gen. George Dean-Pitt CB, Keeper of the Crown Jewels, and lived later in London and Rome, where he died, 29 March 1902 and was buried in the Campo Cestio Cemetery; will proved in Dublin, 4 August 1902 (effects £2,106);
(10) Canon Henry Arthur (1820-95), born in Paris, 12 November and baptised there, 26 November 1820; educated at Winchester and Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1838; BA 1842; MA 1845); Canon of Ferns Cathedral; married, 13 April 1847 at St Peter, Dublin, Ellen, second daughter of Henry Joy Tombe, but died without issue in Dublin, 30 March 1895; will proved 21 June 1895 (effects £5,114);
(11) Rev. Frederick Brian Boru Arthur (1822-70), born in Paris, 12 September 1822 and baptised there, 1 October 1822; educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge (admitted 1841; BA 1846; MA 1851); ordained deacon, 1846 and priest, 1855; curate of Oddingley, 1851, and later St Mary Leeds and Langstaffe (Yorks), but remained unbeneficed; died unmarried at Brislington (Somerset), 19 January 1870; will proved 10 August 1870 (effects under £9,000);
(12) Julia Isobelle Adelaide Arthur (1826-53), born 21 November and baptised at Cheltenham, 28 December 1826; died unmarried at Thornhill, Bray (Wicklow), 3 October 1853;
(13) Augusta Catherine Arthur (c.1829-42); died at Torquay, 11 June 1842, aged 13.
He inherited the Ballyquin estate from his father in 1803, and changed the name to Glenomera. He also inherited the Paradise estate (Clare) through his sister in 1830. He lived on the Continent for much of the 1810s and 1820s, and thereafter at Cheltenham, before settling at Glanomera in the 1830s. After his death his widow lived at Paradise; their younger children sold it back to the Henn family in 1855 or 1863.
He died at Leamington (Warks) from an attack of paralysis, after two days' illness, 6 May 1845. His wife's date of death is unknown.
*One Internet source gives their names as Lucy, Harriet Grace, and perhaps Frances.

Arthur, Thomas Smith (1806-84) of Glenomera.
Eldest son of Thomas Arthur (1778-1845) and his wife Harriet, daughter of William Smith of Cahirmoyle (Limerick), born 10 September 1806. Educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford (matriculated 1827), but from 1826 onwards he began to suffer periods of mental illness. After spending one year at Oxford, he returned home but from 1831 he needed a 'keeper' to look after him. He fell out with his father over his mental state, and was eventually detained in Swift's Hospital, Dublin as a lunatic at his father's request. In 1837 he sought a writ of habeas corpus for his release from the hospital, but he seems to have remained confined for the rest of his life.  In the 1860s and early 1870s John and Robert L. Brown acted as receivers for his estate, and his brother (Richard) Augustus Arthur seems to have occupied Glenomera. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Glenomera estate from his father in 1845. At his death it passed to his next surviving brother, Rev. Lucius Arthur.
He died 12 September 1884.

Arthur, Rev. Lucius (1810-87) of Glenomera.
Third son of Thomas Arthur (1778-1845) and his wife Harriet, daughter of William Smith of Cahirmoyle (Limerick), born 31 July 1810. Educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge (admitted 1828; BA 1836; MA 1839). Ordained deacon, 1839 and priest, 1840; curate of Henley (Suffolk), 1841, Bishop Ryder Church, Birmingham, 1841, Donaghmore, Dromore (Down), 1846, Oddingley (Worcs), 1853-54, and Quarry Hill, Leeds (Yorks), 1854-61. A strong and outspoken churchman, apparently of too advanced a type for the north of Ireland; three parishioners at Donaghmore laid a complaint as to his teaching before the Bishop of Down & Connor, "who, however, showed it to be groundless". He married, 21 April 1840 at Kings Norton (Worcs), Caroline Elizabeth (1812-69), daughter and co-heiress of John Heycock Jervis of Moseley (then in Kings Norton (Worcs)) and had issue:
(1) Harriet Elizabeth Augusta Arthur (1841-1923), born Jan-Mar 1841 at Wilmington (Sussex); married, 26 April 1871, Richard Perceval Fry (d. 1892) of HM Indian Navy, but had no issue; died 6 August 1923; will proved 18 October 1923 (effects £623);
(2) Ellen Lucy Julia Arthur (b. 1842; fl. 1893), baptised 4 August 1842 at Henley (Suffolk); married, 2 February 1893 at St Luke, Paddington (Middx), George Stevenson of Birkdale (Lancs), son of William Stevenson, paper-maker, but had no issue;
(3) Maria Anne Florence Arthur (c.1843-1878), born about 1843; died unmarried, 31 July 1878, and was buried at Wirksworth (Derbys);
(4) Charlotte Katherine Susan (k/a Kate) Arthur (1845-1932), baptised at Perranarworthal (Cornwall), 5 June 1845; evidently a 'character'; she entered her occupation in the 1911 census as 'Trying to bear the burden for others' and 'Acting as mistress of my own house'; died unmarried at Tunbridge Wells, 11 December 1932;
(5) Thomas Lucius Jervis Arthur (1847-88) (q.v.);
(6) Edward Henry Frederick Arthur (1848-49); born Jul-Sep 1848; died in infancy, Oct-Dec 1849;
(7) Grace Caroline Frances Arthur (1849-1925), baptised at Oddingley, 11 November 1849; married, 6 November 1889 at Matlock (Derbys), Rev. Frederick James Johnston-Smith LLD (c.1852-1928) of London; died at South Acton, 19 November 1925; will proved 31 December 1925 (estate £648);
(8) Charles William Augustus Arthur (1851-82), born 20 April and baptised 27 April 1851; an officer in Derbyshire Rifle Volunteers (Ensign, 1869-70; Lt., 1870-71), Edinburgh Artillery Regiment of Militia (Lt., 1871-74), 84th Regt. of Foot (Lt., 1874-80) and 65th Regiment (Capt., 1880-82); died unmarried at Morar, Bengal (India), 9 March 1882.
He inherited the Glanomera estate from his elder brother in 1884, but lived at Tor House, Matlock (Derbys).
He died 4 January 1887 and was buried at Wirksworth (Derbys); his will was proved 31 March 1887 (effects £2,084). His wife died 1 April 1869 and was buried at Wirksworth.

Arthur, Thomas Lucius Jervis (1847-88) of Glenomera.
Eldest son of Rev. Lucius Arthur of Glenomera and his wife Caroline Elizabeth, daughter of John Heycock Jervis of Moseley, Birmingham (Warks), born 30 June 1847. Lieutenant in Durham Fusiliers and Capt. in 6th Rifle Volunteers; JP for Co. Clare. He married, 28 April 1881, Constance Helen (c.1859-1902), daughter of William Steele Studdert of Clonboy (Clare), and had issue:
(1) Charles William Augustus Arthur (1882-c.1937) (q.v.);
(2) Desmond Phelps Pery Lucius Studdert Arthur (1884-1913) (q.v.). 
He inherited the Glanomera estate from his father in 1887 but died the following year.
He died 19 February 1888; his will was proved in Dublin, 18 April 1888 (effects £2,848). His widow married 2nd, 6 October 1894 at St Cuthbert, Kensington (Middx), William Paumier Bell (c.1857-1902) of 71 Merrion Square, Dublin, barrister-at-law, son of Rt. Hon. John Thomas Ball, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and died 17 June 1902; her will was proved in Dublin, 20 October 1902 (estate £2,570); her second husband's will was proved 13 November 1902 (estate £21,081).

Arthur, Charles William Augustus (1882-c.1937).
Elder son of Thomas Lucius Jervis Arthur (1847-88) and his wife Constance Helen, daughter of William Steele Studdert of Clonboy (Clare), born 24 September 1882. Capt. in City of Limerick Artillery and Royal Munster Fusiliers. After leaving the army, he emigrated to India with his first wife in 1909, when he was said to have an income of £7,000 a year. After the First World War, when he again held a temporary commission in the Artillery, he again went to India and was appointed as aide-de-camp to Prince Hari Singh, the nephew and heir presumptive of the Maharajah of Kashmir. While in that employment, he was involved in a notorious fraud case (known as the Robinson case or 'Mr A' case), but he was not charged with any offence at that time. He later spent time in the United States and France, and he was arrested in Paris in 1924 on charges of fraud relating to the 1919 case; extradition proceedings against him failed but he was tried and imprisoned in France (where the original offence had taken place) for 13 months; in 1926 he was dismissed from the army. In 1934 he promoted an expedition to recover reputed pirate treasure from an island off the coast of Costa Rica, which may have been developed more as an investment scam than with any serious expectations of success, although the reports of buried treasure on the island were legion and many other adventurers had tried and failed to locate it. Bankruptcy proceedings were initiated against him in 1939, when he was believed still to be living in the Caribbean, but he was probably already dead by then. He married 1st, 1904 (div. 1921), Violet Rose (1881-1927), third daughter of John Joseph Roche-Kelly of Rockstown Castle and Islandmore (Limerick), and 2nd, 1930, Alice M.S. Aitken alias Rodwell, and had issue:
(1.1) Charles Augustus Arthur (b. & d. 1905), born 11 July and died 5 August 1905;
(1.2) Lucius Charles Algernon Arthur (1913-92), born in Dublin, 6 April 1913; was working for British Sugar Corporation and living at Tostock (Suffolk) in 1938 when he obtained a pilot's licence; married, 1940, Phyllis B. Lewis and had issue three sons; died Apr-Jun 1992, aged 79.
He and his younger brother jointly inherited the Glanomera estate from their father in 1888 and he came of age in 1903. The house was destroyed by fire in 1905. After his brother's death in 1913 the estate was sold to pay his brother's legacies.
He is believed to have died in the Barbados or Trinidad in about 1937.

Arthur, Desmond Phelps Pery Lucius Studdert (1884-1913).
Second son of Thomas Lucius Jervis Arthur (1847-88) and his wife Constance Helen, daughter of William Steele Studdert of Clonboy (Clare), born 31 March 1884. A pioneer Irish aviator. He served as a Lt. in 5th Battn, Royal Munster Fusiliers and was seconded to 2nd Squadron, Royal Flying Corps in 1912, but was accidentally killed during a training flight, which was caused by the collapse of one wing of his plane due to previous damage having been covered up rather than repaired; the incident was subject to an official War Office inquiry. He was unmarried and without issue.
He and his elder brother jointly inherited the Glenomera estate from their father in 1888, and he came of age in 1905, the year the house was destroyed by fire.
He was killed 27 May 1913. His will was proved at Dublin, 9 June 1913 (estate £9,569) and he bequeathed the majority of his estate to Winsome Constance Ropner of West Hartlepool (Durham), a 14-year old girl with whom he had formed a romantic attachment after knowing her family for many years. The will was challenged by his brother but upheld in 1914, and in order to fulfill the bequest, the Glenomera estate had to be sold.


1789 1 Oct. Thomas Arthur sworn in as High Provost of Ennis and made a freeman of Ennis.

1801 or 1803  Died. at his seat Glenomera 15 April Thomas Arthur.

1803 Married on 11 April at Dromoland seat of Sir Edward O’Brien Thomas Arthur of Glenomera to youngest dau. Of Wm. Smith Esq. of Carmoyle, Co. Limerick.

1804 Born on 8 March at Glenomera to the lady of Thomas Arthur a daughter                                                                           

1815 Died 28 April at her lodgings in Georges St.  aged 86 relict of Thomas Arthur of Glenmora aunt to the late Lucius O’Brien M.P.

1817 b. 17 Feb at Flo. (Florence Italy) to lady of Thomas Arthur a son, baptised by the Chancellor.  Edward

1834 b. 19 March at Suffolk House nr. Cheltenham to lady of Thomas Arthur a son

 

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